Evaluation of the structural integrity of a bogie using a static vertical load. The operating conditions and an expected load case during service are taken into consideration.The evaluation consists of identifying critical areas where excessive stress concentrations or deformations may occur.

Figure. A vertical load is applied to the bars. The maximum stress state in the bogie is 300 MPa.

With the results obtained for this static case of vertical loading we can expose the possible areas of improvement or reinforcement by comparing the results with the design criteria and the requirements of applicable regulatory specifications.